The major ceremonial entrance to the Great Palace at Constantinople (qq.v.). The original structure was destroyed in the Nika Revolt (q.v.) of 532. It was rebuilt by Justinian I (q.v.) as an enclosed porch covered by a dome (q.v.) resting on the arches of four barrel vaults and their corner pendentives (q.v.). Its great bronze doors are probably why it was called "brazen" (chalke). Its dome was decorated with mosaics showing Justinian I with Theodora (q.v.) and an entourage of senators, and the emperor victorious over the Goths and Vandals (qq.v.). The exterior was replete with statues of emperors, of Belisarios (q.v.), as well as ancient statuary (four gorgon heads, two Athenian philosophers). However, it was the icon (q.v.) of Christ called Christ Chalkites that was most famous. Leo III's (q.v.) removal of this icon in 726 was the beginning of Iconoclasm (q.v.). When Iconoclasm was finally defeated in 843, the patriarch Methodios (qq.v.) asked the painter Lazaros to create a new icon of Christ to replace the one destroyed by Leo III.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chalke — ist der Nachname der kanadischen Schauspielerin Sarah Chalke. die Bezeichnung für einen Torbau im Großen Palast von Byzanz. Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Beg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chalke — (Chalkia, a. Geogr.), Insel im Karpathischen Meere bei Rhodus; j. Charki …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chalkè — La Chalkè et le Grand Palais de Constantinople. La Chalkè (en grec byzantin Χαλκῆ Πύλη/ chalkê, «Porte de Bronze») désigne la porte principale du Grand Palais à Constantinople, qui doit son nom aux vantaux de bronze du portail ou bien peut être… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chalke — For other uses, see Chalke (disambiguation). Map of the ceremonial and administrative heart of Constantinople, showing the Chalke Gate in the right centre The Chalke Gate (Greek: Χαλκῆ Πύλη), was the main ceremonial entrance (vestibule) to the …   Wikipedia

  • Chalke — This interesting surname, with the variations Chalke, Chaulk, Chalker, Cawker and Kalker, is of Anglo Saxon origin, and has two possible interpretations. Firstly, it may be a locational name from any of the various places so called, for example,… …   Surnames reference

  • Chalké — Grand Palais (Constantinople) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Grand Palais. Situation du Grand Palais dans l ancienne Constantinople Le Grand Palais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chalkė — Sp Chálkė Ap Χάλκη/Chalki L s. ir g tė P. Sporadų ss., mst. C Graikijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Chalke (disambiguation) — Chalke may refer to: Locations Chalke gate of the Great Palace of Constantinople Chalki, an island near Rhodes in Greece Heybeliada, one of the Princes Islands in the Marmara Sea, known as Chalke in Byzantine times People Sarah Chalke, Canadian… …   Wikipedia

  • Sarah Chalke — Chalke in December 2008 Born August 27, 1976 (1976 08 27) (age 35) Ottawa, Ontario Other names …   Wikipedia

  • Steve Chalke — (MBE, UN.gifT Special Advisor on Community Action against Human Trafficking) is a prominent, and often outspoken, Christian leader and social activist based in the UK, and an ordained Baptist minister. He is best known as the founder of Oasis… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”